As many as 17 Indian states have implemented the ‘One Nation, One Ration Card’ reform with Uttarakhand being the latest to do so. Any state, for the unaware, that completes the reform is liable for extra borrowing permission of 0.25% of their GSDP.
Here is the list of 17 states that have implemented one nation one ration card system:
- Andhra Pradesh
- Himachal Pradesh
- Madhya Pradesh
- Tamil Nadu
- Uttar Pradesh
What is the One Nation One Ration Card Reform?
One Nation One Ration Card System is an important citizen-centric reform. It is an initiative to ensure that ration, that is wheat, rice and coarse grains are available via the Public Distribution System, to the ration cardholder from anywhere in the county. Earlier, an outsider, who didn’t have a ration card of a respective state but have been living there was not allowed the benefits of cheap ration. The problem was especially a big woe for migrant workers who usually travel from one state to another state for work.
The states that are yet to implement the scheme include Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, and West Bengal.
Besides the migrant workers, the scheme also empowers urban poor like rag pickers, street dwellers, temporary workers in organised and unorganised sectors, domestic workers etc, who frequently change their place of dwelling to be self-reliant in food security.
In addition, to curb fake claims and ensure seamless inter-state portability, the Aadhaar seeding of all ration cards as well as biometric authentication of beneficiaries with the installation of electronic point of sale (e-PoS) devices is also being done.
The states who complete these two conditions, 1) Aadhar Seeding of all the ration cards and beneficiaries in the State 2) Automation of all the FPSs in the State, can claim additional borrowing.