On the ‘World Arthritis Day 2021’, we are here to talk about ‘Arthritis’. It is generally termed as a common disorder affecting a person’s joints and causes problems like inflammation and pains. Usually, it affects people above 65 years but can also develop in women, men, and children. As of now, over 180 million people in India are affected by Arthritis. World Arthritis Day (WAD) is observed on 12th October every year globally. People suffering from Musculoskeletal or Rheumatic diseases come together to celebrate World Arthritis Day in order to raise awareness in the audience regarding RMD’s.
What is Arthritis?
It is a disease affecting the areas where your bones meet and move. Mainly, it involves breakdown or inflammation of your joints. Such changes might cause pain when that part of the body is in operation. However, the most common areas of the body are –
- Lower back
Types of Arthritis
The term ‘Arthritis’ is broad to explain. It is a term that describes 100+ different joint conditions. Few common types of arthritis include:
- Osteoarthritis: It is also known as “wear and tear” arthritis. It generally develops when joint cartilage breaks down from repeated stress.
- Ankylosing spondylitis, or arthritis of the spine (usually your lower back).
- Juvenile arthritis (JA): It is a disorder attacked by the immune system that attacks the tissue at the joints. This form of Arthritis affects children 16 or younger.
- Gout: It is a disease-causing hard crystal of uric acid to form in your joints.
- Psoriatic arthritis: It develops joint inflammation in people with psoriasis (an autoimmune disorder that causes skin irritation).
What Are The Symptoms of Arthritis?
Our readers must know that they can experience different symptoms depending on the types of arthritis. It can be severe in some people whereas few can experience mild symptoms. However, some common form of Arthritis symptoms includes:
Treatment for Arthritis
There is no cure for this disease, but there are treatments that can help you in managing the condition. The treatment depends on the symptoms, sternness, and overall health of the patient.
Conservative (nonsurgical) treatments include:
Medication: Pain medications and Anti-inflammatory might help the patients relieve their arthritis symptoms. Some medications are also called biologics which target the patient’s immune system’s inflammatory response.
Physical therapy: Rehabilitation is another best nonsurgical treatment that helps you in improving strength, range of motion, and overall mobility. Therapists teach you the ways in which patients can adjust their daily activities and lessen arthritic pain.
Therapeutic injections: Cortisone shots might assist the patients in relieving temporarily pain and inflammation in the patient joints. Arthritis in some points of joints like the knee can be improved with viscosupplementation.